Disaster management project class 9

Disaster management project class 9: A disaster is defined as a catastrophic event that causes the loss of human lives and economic assets.  United  Nations has divided disasters into two parts i.e. Man made and Natural disasters.

The International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies defines disaster management as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all the humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response, and recovery to lessen the impact of disasters.

Disaster management project class 9 Index

  •   What is a disaster and its types
  •   What is disaster management
  •   Significance of disaster management
  •   Disaster management in India
  •   National Policy for DM, 2009
  •   Disaster management cycle
  •   Conclusion

Types of natural disaster

  • Geophysical (e.g. Earthquakes, Landslides, Tsunamis & Volcanic Activity)
  • Hydrological (e.g. Avalanches and Floods)
  • Climatological (e.g. Extreme Temperatures, Drought & Wildfires)
  • Meteorological (e.g. Cyclones and Storms/Wave Surges)
  • Biological (e.g. Disease Epidemics and Insect/Animal Plagues

Types of manmade disasters

  •     Environmental Degradation
  •     Pollution
  •     Accidents (e.g. Industrial, Technological, and Transport usually involving the production, use or transport of hazardous materials) 

Significance of disaster management

Disasters at a place do not only wipe out the decades of development dividend and lives but threaten the future prospect of achieving economic growth.

That is why the aspect of disaster management is always linked with sustainable development and international goals of sustainable development also include this as one of the important goals.

Disaster management in India

Geographically India is one of the disaster-prone countries due to both manmade and natural factors. The systematic efforts of disaster management in India started with the establishment of the National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA) in 2005 under the disaster management act 2005. It provides for a legislative basis for governance of disaster management and also provides a multi-tiered institutional framework & financial provisions.

HierarchyAuthorityHeaded by
Central levelNDMAPrime Minister
State levelSDMAChief Minister
district levelDDMADistrict magistrate

 In event of a crisis, the immediate response is to be provided by the local authorities with the support of state government. The Central Government can only supplement their efforts by deploying NDRF or armed forces on providing financial & logistical help if required by the state government.

National Policy for DM, 2009

Its vision is to make India disaster resilient. One of the objectives of the policy is to mainstream Disaster management with the overall development planning of the country. The policy also provided for a comprehensive disaster management procedure which comprises both pre and post-disaster plans.

 Disaster management cycle

Response

It includes short term measures immediately  after the disaster took place which may involve following:

  •     Rescue
  •     Relocation
  •     Provision Food and Water
  •     Provision Emergency Health Care
  •     Prevention of Disease and Disability
  •     Repairing Vital Services e.g. Telecommunications, Transport
  •     Provision Temporary Shelter

 Recovery

Disaster Recovery involves those efforts which go beyond the  immediate relief and help people who have suffered the an impact of  that disaster and may include the following activities:

  •     Rebuilding Infrastructure which is destroyed in disaster
  •     Providing Health Care
  •     Rehabilitation
  •     Development Activities
  •     Providing human resources for health issues
  •     Steps to avoid or mitigate such disasters in future

Prevention

 Disaster Prevention refers to those activities which intend to prevent or avoid the potential adverse impact of a similar disaster in the future through action taken in advance at present times. While not all disasters can be prevented, good risk management, evacuation plans, environmental planning, financial planning, and infrastructural design standards can reduce the risk of loss of life, economy and injury mitigation.

Preparedness

Disaster Preparedness is intended towards those measures which are taken to prepare and reduce the effects of disasters. This can be done by research and development efforts to try to predict regions that may be at risk of disaster and its impact in the coming future and where possible it is prevented from occurring or reduce the impact which is posed by those disasters on the vulnerable areas that may be affected. Preparedness is one of the pre-disaster management approaches.

Lastly, citizens must be informed in advance of the harmful effects and mitigation process. Citizen education and information have a crucial part to play in disaster management.

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Projects for class 10

 

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