National Parks in India PDF

National parks in India pdf: National Parks are one of the types of protected areas. National Parks are declared for protecting biodiversity under Wildlife Protection Act 1972. Their accessibility is restricted and boundaries are fixed. They are declared by the state government. In India, National Parks are IUCN category II protected areas. According to the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, a national park is:

Table of content

  • Definition of National Parks
  • Facts about National Parks of India
  • Objectives behind National Parks
  • What is allowed in National Parks and what is not
  • Who manages National Parks- national board for wildlife
  • Top 10 largest National Parks of india

 National parks in india pdf

Section 35- Declaration of National Parks – (1) Whenever it appears to the State Government that an area, whether within a sanctuary or not, is, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, Geo-morphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to be constituted as a National Park for the purpose of protection & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment, it may, by notification, declare its intention to constitute such area as a National Park.

Facts about National Parks of India

  • The first national park of India was declared in British India in 1976 which was called hailey national park. Presently it is located in uttarakhand and known as Corbett national park.
  •  As of June 2021, 106 National Parks encompassed an area of 40,501.13 km2 (15,637.57 sq mi), under-protected areas of India category II comprising 1.33% of India’s total surface area.

Objectives behind National Parks

  1. To manage by ecological means

– The aim is to take care and to manage the area by natural means without hampering the biodiversity.

  1. Conservation of species

– national parks are aimed towards the conservation of various species inhabiting or migrating to that particular environment, including which are threatened, their habitat, regional ecological processes, including their migration routes.

  1. Ecologically functional populations

-national parks are to maintain viable and ecologically functional populations of native species in a way that contributes towards their integrity with their habitat and helps in creating a resilient environment for them.

  1. Educational and recreational purposes

– to educate people importance of national parks and biodiversity and make them understand how to conserve it for their sustainable existence.

  1. Rights of indigenous people

– To take into account the needs and livelihood rights of indigenous people and local communities including the sustainable use of resources for subsistence.

  1. Economy through tourism

– Through tourism, to contribute to local economies.

 Activities that are allowed in National Parks and not (according to Wildlife Protection Act 1972)

 Not allowed

  • No alteration is allowed of the boundaries of a National Park until it is sanctioned by the central government.
  •     National parks cannot be reduced to sanctuary.
  •     No human activity is allowed(except under and in accordance with a permit granted by the Chief Wildlife Warden)
  •     No grazing of any livestock is permitted inside a National Park

Allowed activities

  •     Scientific research
  •     Sustainable tourism
  •     Livelihood activities of indigenous people only in the buffer zone

 Who manages National Parks- national board for wildlife

National Board for Wildlife is a statutory organization that is advisory, under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, headed by the prime minister, it manages all the practices (legal or illegal) including illegal trade, scientific research, approving projects around protected areas etcetera.

Top ten Largest National Parks in India

NAMEESTABLISHEDAREA IN SQ KMSTATEFAMOUS FOR
1Hemis National Park19814400LadhakSnow Leopards
2Desert National Park19813162RajasthanGreat Indian Bustard
3Simlipal National Park19802750OdishaRoyal Bengal Tiger and

 Asian elephant

4Gangotri National Park19892390UttarakhandGaumukh Glacier
5Namdapha National Park19741985.23Arunachal PradeshFlora and Fauna
6Khangchendzonga National Park19771784SikkimUNESCO World

Heritage Site

7Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park19811440.71ChhattisgarhTiger
8Gir Forest National Park19651412GujaratAsiatic lion
9Sundarbans National Park19841330.12West BengalUNESCO World

Heritage Site,

Royal Bengal Tiger

10Jim Corbett National Park19361318.5UttarakhandFirst national park

of India

 

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